Step 1. Decarboxylation
- Place dried ground up cannabis flower and leaves (must all be dried) in baking tray with a layer of tin foil loosely on top.
- Heat for 110 minutes at 110 C (110 x 110).
- Check temperature regularly with a thermometer, infrared if possible, moving the flowers around checking for any heat spots.
Heating at this temperature decarboxylates the cannabinoids and activates the THC, CBD and other cannabinoids, removing amino acids attached to the cannabinoids. THCa becomes THC. THCa is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid before decarboxylation.
Place the cannabis into the oven, preferably pre-grinded, for 110/110; super easy number to remember!
*If one is wishing to make THCa tinctures for children start on step 2.
Step 2. Extraction
- Extract all of the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant (full spectrum) using any type of lipid fat.
- Using large pot, mix plant material with any type of lipid fat, and cook at a low heat 40-50 c for 4-5 hours.
– Whilst heating, the cannabinoids will attach themselves to the fat molecules.
- Stir regularly.
Melt the fat and place the cannabis in, stirring regularly
You can use any type of fat, for tinctures organic olive oil, MCT oil, hemp seed oil are all good, organic is even better. For capsules or topical creams, coconut fat is better for a more viscous end product.
Measurements can be 1-3 oz of dried flower for every 250 ml of fat, just make sure all material is submerged
Step 3. SEPARATION
- Using a muslin cloth, seive all the liquid fat into another pot removing all of the plant material and separating the liquid.
- Squeeze all of the fat with as much vigour out of the raw mulch and into the new pot.
– If you have a small wooden apple press you can get more out of mulch.
– Typically one should get 90% of available cannabinoids first bind.
The mulch can be extracted again separately following the above steps for but will produce a far lesser amount of cannabinoids, so can be used to make a weaker balm with cocofat.
Pour the cannabis liquid through a muslin cloth or coffee filter
Step 4. Further Herbs
- Put a new pot back on low heat for a further 1 hour.
- At this time one can add further therapeutic herbs in the form of essential oils.
Many have found adding frankincense, cinnamon and myrrh useful.
- From essential oils one drop of each for every 25 ml is adequate.
If you are making this for someone else check if they are suited to whatever you are adding. Again, organic oils are preferred but any lipid fat will work.
- Sterilise all bottles and pour carefully into them before sealing. It’s best to use measuring basters when filling bottles.
- Pour into 10 ml or 30 ml Glass “dropper bottles,” which can be bought cheaply on eBay, Amazon, etc.
Glass dropper bottles are ideal for storing your cannabis tincture
You may also want to have your cannabis medicine tested to find out the exact amount of cannabinoids you managed to extract. These test also show information on any possible contaminants and pesticides, e.g. https://www.fundacion-canna.es/en.
If you follow above, you have now extracted the full spectrum profile of whatever cannabis plant you have used as your base. If you are growing Candida CD1 then this may be useful for children with epilepsy or autism and is not pyschoactive.
CD1 has a cannabis profile with some THC as opposed to a hemp profile, which has on average 0.1-0.2%.
Cannabis oil made using these steps, and with CD1, is not the same as CBD oil derived from hemp. A hemp strain will have typically have 4-7% CBD as opposed to Candida CD1 which averages 18%.
To find out a dosage of MGs of cannabinoids, just divide CBD or THC percentage by 10 so if one has a CBD strain with 20% CBD and 1% THC, A typical fat extraction of that strain will have 2% CBD and 0.1 % THC, this translates as 20mgs of CBD and 1mg of THC per ml.
Finished medical cannabis tincture
For full biodynamic, do the whole process over a full or new moon.
Your very own medical cannabis tincture!